The National Board of Examinations was established in 1975 on the basis of the Report of a Working Group set up by the then Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi. The terms of reference of the Working Group set up in 1975 by the Government of India were:
“To examine the need for uniformity in the standard of examination for the award of postgraduate degrees and diplomas And to suggest ways and means of achieving it either through one or more national examining bodies, in replacement of or in addition to the existing system,
“To recommend the nature, composition, scope, functions and power of such national examining body/bodies …………………………….”
Recommendations of the Working Group
“There is an urgent need for an organization that could conduct postgraduate examinations at national level of high academic standards to ensure: A high quality of medical services given to the people by doctors certified by such examinations Raising of Standards of medical education in general Availability of prestigious qualifications within the country comparable to similar qualifications given in foreign countries and thus minimize the tendency of medical graduates to go abroad to acquire these degrees National integration The National Board functioned as a wing of the National Academy of Medical Sciences from 1975 to 1982. The Government of India, after a review, took a policy decision to make it an independent autonomous body with effect from March 1, 1982 under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare as a registered society.
There are more than 149 recognized Medical Colleges in the country. In addition to Postgraduate teaching institutions under MCI, there are 450 accredited institutions imparting training in various Broad and Super specialities for the award of postgraduate qualification in Broad and super specialities. The Board at present conducts postgraduate and postdoctoral examinations in 54 disciplines approved by the Board for the award of Diplomate of National Board. The Medical Council of India has laid down standards for post graduate examinations conducted by various medical colleges and affiliated to concerned universities and other institutions, yet the levels of proficiency and standards of evaluation vary considerably in these institutions. The setting up of a National Body to conduct post graduate medical examination was intended to provide a common standard and mechanism of evaluation of minimum level of attainment of the objective for which post graduate courses were started in medical institutions. Moreover, intra country and international comparison is facilitated with the availability of commonly accepted evaluation mechanism.